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Teacher Edition

Week of January 15, 2012

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Monday Early Evening

Holy Idaho! We are submitting this blog from our smart phone. Hopefully we will be able to get on the Internet with our laptop soon! Right now we have a bigger problem. The helicopter Louie sent to take us away has dropped us off on the TOP of a random mountain! We have no idea where we could be. Too bad we didn't buy the phone with built in GPS! Louie is obviously trying to get rid of us and does not trust us at ALL, somehow because of Mike the hiker. I am digging through my backpack looking for something to use to get help! We have no idea of where we are! Geo has an idea we are going to try. We are going to try using the old gum wrapper that was wadded up in the bottom of Geo’s backpack. Do you remember we got the gum from the guy in Washington, D.C.? We are going to try to reflect the sun with the gumwrapper to get an aircraft’s attention—if one ever flies by! I have no idea why Geo would save a wrapper, but I am glad that he did!!! I hope his plan works. While we wait for someone to fly over we are hiking across the mountain and then following where water runs downhill. Geo figures if we follow the flow of water we will eventually be in civilization. Hopefully this plan will work!


     - Meri


Here is the view from where we are located (sent via smart phone). Any ideas?



 


Tuesday

Guess what! My plan actually worked. After a few hours of hiking (which was very cold), we finally had a large plane fly by. I tried to use the sun’s reflection off the wrapper to get the pilot’s attention, but it didn’t work. Then another plane flew by, and we missed it again! But the third one (a private plane, flying lower) saw us (and our gum wrapper) and flew back around so we know he saw us. There wasn’t enough room to land their plane, but they called in our exact longitude and latitude to the state police. A rescue snowmobile came and picked us up about an hour later. The plane flew around overhead until the rescue snowmobile arrived. We had no idea who was coming, but we KNEW someone would help us. We are glad to be safe and back on our real laptop again instead of typing into that tiny phone. Can you guess where we could be that they have snowmobiles to pick us up?

You are probably wondering what longitude and latitude mean. Maps have these imaginary lines to help us figure out exact locations of places. (You can’t actually see them printed on the Earth or anything.). Here is the lowdown on these lines. The lines that run up and down the map (north and south) are called longitude lines. These lines are used to measure degrees east or west from the prime meridian . The prime meridian is located at 0 degrees longitude . The prime meridian is an imaginary line that runs up and down through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica. Do you have any idea where those countries are located? The prime meridian divides the world into the eastern hemisphere and western hemisphere. (Hemisphere means half of a sphere). The lines that run across a map (east and west) are called latitude lines. Lines of latitude measure degrees north or south. The equator is at 0 degrees latitude . This imaginary line marks halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole. The equator runs though parts of Asia, South America, and Africa. This imaginary line also divides the world into the southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere . Do you know if the United States is in the southern hemisphere or the northern hemisphere ? Longitude and latitude are both used to measure distance in “degrees”. I am still trying to think of a way to tell the two kinds apart. Wow, Meri just taught me an easy way to remember the directions of the lines. Think of latitude as a “ladder” (kind of sounds similar). The steps of a ladder go up and down just like the lines of latitude go on the map. I put some pictures in my blog to better explain this confusing geography stuff. Both lines (latitude and longitude ) start at 0. These lines are drawn only on maps and globes. So, don’t expect to see an “equator line” on the streets and beaches of Brazil! I wonder how longitude and latitude help us -- or why they are even used? Meri explained that the purpose of longitude and latitude is to help identify your specific location on the earth’s surface. Thankfully the pilot of the jet thought to provide our exact longitude and latitude ! Uncle GT also emailed me this neat picture of a globe/map (it really helped me to understand what all of those lines represent). See my pictures, below.


     - Geo


This picture shows the prime meridian, equator, eastern and western hemispheres, lines of latitude, and lines of longitude.


This picture shows the lines of latitude. Do you see the equator? The lines of latitude run across a map, but they measure degrees north and south from the equator. The lines of latitude are like the steps of a ladder on the globe.


 


Wednesday

Last night we finally figured out where we are: the Rocky Mountains. The rescuers were so busy getting us warm, they never really told us our location. We are now in a warm hotel right outside of Denver. Denver is in the state of Colorado. We included a map of Colorado in this blog entry. Holy Idaho was Monday ever cold! Did you know that Denver was nicknamed the Mile-High City? This is because the elevation of the city is exactly a mile (5,280 feet or about 1,609 meters) above sea level. I wonder if there are any cities in the world higher than Denver. Do you remember how high Mount Mitchell was?

Another interesting fact about Denver is that it is one of the few cities in history that was not built on a railroad, road, lake, or other body of water when it was founded. They found a few flakes of gold there in 1858, and Denver was “born.”

Denver has a semi-arid climate and experiences all four seasons. Denver has a lot of sunshine though. I read that Denver receives over 300 sunny days each year! Wow, nearly every day is sunny! The state of Colorado is 380 miles long and 280 miles wide. I guess it is in the shape of a rectangle. Another interesting fact that I learned is that even though Colorado has the beautiful Rocky Mountains, the eastern 2/5 of the state is very flat and has no mountains. Wow – Colorado is such an interesting state. Now, do you think Louie is somewhere here? What should we do next? We have no clues to follow?


     - Meri


Another view of the beautiful Rockies!


A unique picture we found of Denver, Colorado.


Downtown Denver

 

 

Interactive Map of Colorado
Take a look at this map. You may need to navigate a bit and click on the link that says MAP. Can you find Denver? What cardinal direction would you travel going from Denver to Colorado Springs? Do you see any major highways near Denver (clue: look for numbers)? What other large cities can you find in Colorado?


Vocabulary Terms:

arid - a way of describing a climate that is dry and does not receive much rainfall

equator - an imaginary line on the earth’s surface that is positioned halfway between the north pole and the south pole. The equator divides the earth into the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere.

hemisphere - half of a sphere.

latitude - the lines that run across (east and west) a map. Lines of latitude measure degrees via north or south. The equator is at 0 degrees latitude.

longitude - lines that run up and down the map (north and south). These lines are used to measure degrees east or west from the prime meridian. The prime meridian is located at 0 degrees longitude.

northern hemisphere - the half of the planet Earth that is north of the equator. The northern hemisphere contains 90% of the human population and most of the land on the Earth.

prime meridian - the imaginary line that runs up and down a map or globe. It is found at 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs vertically through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica. The prime meridian divides the world into the eastern hemisphere and western hemisphere.

southern hemisphere - the half of the planet Earth that is south of the equator. The southern hemisphere contains all of Antarctica and Australia, most of South America, and part of Asia and Africa.

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Standards for this episode:

Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographical tools and technologies.

Grade 3-5: Knows the basic elements of maps and globes (title, legend, cardinal, scale, grid, meridians, time zones, etc..).

Grade 3-5: Uses map grids (e.g., latitude and longitude or alphanumeric system) to plot absolute location.

Knows the location of places, geographical features, and patterns of the environment.

Grade 3-5: Knows major physical and human features of places as they are represented on maps and globes. Knows how to read different maps: road, relief, globe, etc..

Grade 3-5: Knows the location of major cities in North America.

Grade 3-5: Knows the approximate location of major continents, mountain ranges, and bodies of water on Earth.

Understands the concept of regions.

Grade 3-5: Knows the characteristics of a variety of regions (climate, housing, religion, language, etc..).

Grade 6-8: Understands criteria that give a region identity (such as Amsterdam as a transportation center or the Sunbelt’s warm climate and popularity with retired people).

Knows the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth’s surfaces.

Grade 3-5: Knows the physical components of Earth’s atmosphere (weather and climate), lithosphere (land forms such as mountains), hydrosphere (oceans, lakes and rivers), and biosphere (vegetation and biomes).

Understands how physical systems affect human systems.

Grade 3-5: Knows how humans adapt to variations in the physical environment (e.g. choices of clothing, housing styles, agricultural practices, recreational activities, food, daily and seasonal patterns of life).

Grade 3-5: Knows how communities benefit from the physical environment (e.g., people make their living by farming on fertile land, fishing in local water, working in mines; the community is a port located on a natural harbor, a tourist center located in a scenic or historic area, an industrial center with good access to natural resources).

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